Before reading this post get an overview … The essence of the whole Vedas lies in these two statements. Aham Brahmasmi - "I" am God, meaning man himself is God. Please, please, please do not grab a copy of a 200-page (or even 500-page) English “translation” of the Vedas or Upanishads, and think that you will gain any knowledge. Explores the history and teachings of the Vedas, Brahmans, and Upanishads Offers insight into the modern daily practice of Hinduism around the world Continuing the Dummies tradition of making the world's religions engaging and accessible to everyone, Hinduism For Dummies is your hands-on, friendly guide to this fascinating religion. Hindus acknowledge that, at the most fundamental level, God is the One without a second — the absolute, formless, and only Reality known as Brahman, the Supreme, Universal Soul. Bullies in the Workplace and My Experiences as a Victim, Living Without a Smartphone for Three Months. Your Vedic birth chart is a unique karmic map that shares the wisdom of life—past, present, and future. Unfortunately, no single English word adequately covers its meaning. He is usually worshipped in the form of an avatar (see below). He maintains the order and harmony of the universe, which is periodically created by Brahma and periodically destroyed by Shiva to prepare for the next creation. It does not mean that they are for ascetics only. 4. I was first introduced to Bhakti by one of my first yoga teachers, Yogi Charu . Saraswati is the consort of Brahma the Creator and is worshipped as the goddess of learning, wisdom, speech, and music. Yet a common thread among all these variations is belief in a Supreme Being and adherence to certain concepts such as Truth, dharma, and karma. Forests are places where powerful mantras or ideas may originate. Hindus believe that the Vedas are without beginning and without end; when everything else in the universe is destroyed (at the end of a cycle of time), the Vedas remain. Veda itself means knowledge, deriving from the Sanskrit root ‘vid’ meaning to know, to see or to cognize. A Few Key Figures in the History of Atheism. The ancient sacred texts of Hinduism are called the Veda, which means “knowledge.” Hindus composed these texts in what is now India over hundreds of years, beginning in about 1500 bce. He is portrayed as an ideal son, brother, husband, and king and as a strict adherent to dharma. The Hindu religion originated in India thousands of years ago. No specific qualities are prescribed in the Hindu scriptures for this and the next caste. These aspects of the religion introduce some of the complexities that are fascinating to study. Lakshmi is the goddess of good fortune, wealth, and well-being. Vishnu is worshipped in many forms and in several avatars (incarnations). 2. Here are just some of the many Hindu gods and goddesses: Brahma is the first member of the Hindu Trinity and is “the Creator” because he periodically creates everything in the universe. Brahman is the universe and everything in it. Two of Vishnu’s ten avatars are Rama and Krishna. Hinduism is not an organized religion and has no single, systematic approach to teaching its value system. They are particularly relevant for the development of Yajurveda. The kind of body the soul inhabits next is determined by karma (actions accumulated in previous lives). Eventually they wrote the texts down. (W. H. Allen and Co., London, 1849). Considering how inexpensive Bhagavad Gita for Dummies is I would say it is worth the price. Upa-ni-shad means ‘sit down close’. Most of the people who claim that the Vedas endorse or recommend meat eating either use third-party tools to interpret the ancient texts, something like “Vedas for Dummies” or they refer to translations done by snake-oil-selling type scholars. Hidden within them are a number of secrets which are yet to be fully deciphered and understood. Just be prepared for the choppy, often incoherent, English. If one Hindu god’s name is known and recognized throughout the world, it is Krishna. The shudras do manual labor such as tilling the land, working in the fields, and raising cattle and crops. Bhakti for Dummies: What You Need to Know About The "Hare Krishnas." Indra is the chief deity and the god of war and rain, the greatest concerns of the people at that time. Bhagavad Gita for Dummies – A book Every Human should Read! Less visible than nature gods that preside over elements (such as fire and rain), Vishnu is the pervader — the divine essence that pervades the universe. This is different from the first column of the table listed below, as the first column includes all the accretions as enumerated in the other columns. Actions of the soul while residing in a body require that it reap the consequences of those actions in the next life — the same soul in a different body. home; the practice; the people; services; clients; careers; contact; blog Everyone should strive to achieve dharma. The Human (Arjuna) had lot of Questions to Supreme God (Krishna) and he got answers from God for all those. The Vedas are Hindu scriptures that contain revelations received by ancient saints and sages. Explores the history and teachings of the Vedas, Brahmans, and Upanishads Offers insight into the modern daily practice of Hinduism around the world Continuing the Dummies tradition of making the world's religions engaging and accessible to everyone, Hinduism For Dummies is your hands-on, friendly guide to this fascinating religion. Thus Hinduism is a pantheistic religion: It equates God with the universe. Indra, the King of Heaven and lord of the gods. It is the exploration of nature and its laws. Rig Veda is the first Veda of the four Vedas. The basic Vedic texts are the Samhita “Collections” of the four Vedas: 1. The vaishyas specialize in trade and commerce in order to procure goods and services so that the society as a whole can lead a life of plenty. The associated “job description” includes, Serving as a gatekeeper of knowledge of Brahman, Providing intellectual advice to governing bodies, Offering priestly services and religious leadership, Grappling with fundamental questions of life, The requisite talents for kshatriyas are physical prowess, courage, splendor, firmness, dexterity, stalwartness in battle, generosity, and lordliness. Moksha is liberation: the soul’s release from the cycle of death and rebirth. Understanding the concept of dharma helps you understand the Hindu faith. The chief subdivisions of the Vedas are the schools or branches (sakha). The following are the reasons given generally for not being able to correctly understand the Vedas: 1). They form the oldest layer of Sanskrit literature and the oldest sacred texts of Hinduism. The literal meaning of the word avatar is “descent,” and it’s usually understood to mean divine descent. Hindus believe that the Vedas are without beginning and without end; when everything else in the universe is destroyed (at the end of a cycle of time), the Vedas remain. The Vedas are the holy books of the Hindus, much revered for being the fount of all knowledge. Most Hindu households have a picture or statue of this godhead, and it’s not uncommon to see small replicas of Ganapati hanging from rearview mirrors of cars and trucks! The writers were poets, and not always from higher caste. The Vedas we might say are the Vidyas or videos of the sages shown on the inner screen of the meditative mind. Hindus customarily invoke Shiva before the beginning of any religious or spiritual endeavor; they believe that any bad vibrations in the immediate vicinity of worship are eliminated by the mere utterance of his praise or name. (She is Sita, wife of Rama; Rukmini, wife of Krishna; and Dharani, wife of Parashu Rama, another avatar of Vishnu.). While the caste system in practice became seriously flawed, its concept was based on this ideal division: The ideal brahmin has qualities of serenity, self-restraint, purity, forgiveness, uprightness, knowledge, realization, and belief in God. Interpreting Vedas is a highly complex activity. Explores the history and teachings of the Vedas, Brahmans, and Upanishads; Offers insight into the modern daily practice of Hinduism around the world. And belief in the authority of the Vedas (sacred scriptures) serves, to a large extent, as the very definition of a Hindu, even though how the Vedas are interpreted may vary greatly. Several paths can lead to this realization and unity: the path of duty, the path of knowledge, and the path of devotion (unconditional surrender to God). Sama-Veda “Knowledge of the Melodies”, for chanting. The first sruti writings are the most sacred and are considered the infallible words of divinity – the four Vedas, a body of ancient hymns and chants written in Sanskrit. The Upanishads are known as ‘Vedanta’, the final chapters of the Vedas. Rig Veda means a Veda of praise. The Upanishads are full of stories of students looking for teachers. He earned his path to deification by performing feats of strength, devotion, and courage while helping Rama (an avatar of Vishnu) in countless exciting incidents. All societies have some sort of social class system in which people are classified based on education, culture, and income levels. Metaphorically, it is considered as the ratha (driving vehicle) of the system. (Revised Edition - August 2015) This Book explains Bhagavad Gita (Sacred Text) given by Supreme God as Summary in English. Explores the history and teachings of the Vedas, Brahmans, and Upanishads Offers insight into the modern daily practice of Hinduism around the world Continuing the Dummies tradition of making the world's religions engaging and accessible to everyone, Hinduism for Dummies is your hands-on, friendly guide to this fascinating religion. There is another book called "Bhagavad Gita for Beginners: The Song of God in Simplified Prose by Edward Viljoen that is much better that I would recommend. Here are some of the key beliefs shared among Hindus: Hindus pursue knowledge and understanding of the Truth: the very essence of the universe and the only Reality. The Vedas are four, Rigveda, Samaveda, Yajurveda and Atharvaveda. Hindus believe in Brahman as the one true God who is formless, limitless, all-inclusive, and eternal. In my 200-hour teacher training at Pure Yoga NYC , he would always talk about these parties that he went to on Thursdays where he chanted and played the harmonium. The goal of the individual soul is moksha. Agni holds a special place in Hindu fire ritual to this day as the sacrificer (the priest who performs the ceremony); the sacrifice (the ritual fire and the offerings made into it); and the witness to all rites. According to the Vedas, Truth is One, but the wise express it in a variety of ways. Many Westerners also know that Hindus worship a variety of gods and goddesses who personify aspects of Brahman; take pilgrimages to holy sites; celebrate festivals throughout the year; and believe that time is cyclical. Paradoxically though, Upanishads became the most famous part of the Vedas. Vedanta is the culmination of the Vedas. Surya (or Soorya) is a golden warrior arriving on a chariot pulled by seven white horses. Millions of Hindus derive satisfaction from reading and recalling Rama’s trials and tribulations as a young prince who was exiled from his kingdom for 14 years. The Vedas are a large body of texts containing hymns, poems, and ceremonial formulas originating in Ancient India. For example, Hindus believe there is only one Supreme Being, Brahman; they pursue knowledge of Truth and Reality; they strive for moral order and right action; and they promote tolerance. Brahman alone Is. As was discussed in the earlier post, White Yajurveda separates its Brahmanas from the mantras unlike Black Yajurveda where they are mixed. Author: The Upanishads are not one book – the term Upanishad is used to group together lots of different texts (known as sruti, or heard) on the nature of human reality, and the path to freedom (moksha). Astrology Vedic Science for Dummies 6th September 2019 by admin 0 India, the land of Rishi Munis is the birthplace of Vedic Science. There are four Vedas: the Rigveda, the Yajurveda, the Samaveda and the Atharvaveda. The Vedas describe a number of deities, most of whom are personified forces of nature. The Vedas are called Vidyas which means ways of knowledge or perception (a term cognate with Latin video!). No One is Exempt: JUPITER ASCENDING Five Years Later. They are considered to be revelations or heard ones (sruti) and therefore, inviolable. Hanuman, the monkey king and devoted servant. The Vedas The most sacred scriptures of Hinduism are the Vedas ("Books of Knowledge"), a collection of texts written in Sanskrit from about 1200 BCE to 100 CE. The actual Sanskrit term used for philosophy/ theology is Darshana which simply means “a view of the Truth”. In Yajur Veda, the Aranyakas are attached to the Brahmanas while in Rig Veda they are transmitted as separate compositions. Your chart holds the key to understanding who you are on a mental, emotional, physical, and spiritual body level. I start with explaining the terminology and a summary is provided in the Table towards the end of the post. Continuing the Dummies tradition of making the world's religions engaging and accessible to everyone, Hinduism For Dummies is your hands-on, friendly guide to this fascinating religion. The earliest of the Hindu scriptures, the Rig Veda, was composed well before 6500 B.C., and the roots of the faith can be traced as far back as 10,000 B.C. Nor do Hindus have a simple set of rules to follow like the Ten Commandments. The oldest is the Rig- Veda, composed of more than a thousand hymns and organized into ten mandalas or books. It refers to the continuous recitation of the initial and main part of each of the Vedas. 3. These hymns praise a number of gods. Local, regional, caste, and community-driven practices influence the interpretation and practice of beliefs throughout the Hindu world. In practice, this caste came to include everyone not belonging to the other three castes, except for the untouchables: people performing the most menial labor, such as sweeping streets and tanning leather. The Vedas are the primary texts of Hinduism. They constitute its most foundational work, which every Hindu tradition and sect claims as its source. as the Veda which is considered to be transcendent, impersonal, free from bias and therefore authoritative. Explores the history and teachings of the Vedas, Brahmans, and Upanishads Offers insight into the modern daily practice of Hinduism around the world Continuing the Dummies tradition of making the world's religions engaging and accessible to everyone, Hinduism For Dummies is your hands-on, friendly guide to this fascinating religion. Shiva is the third member of the Hindu Trinity, tasked with destroying the universe in order to prepare for its renewal at the end of each cycle of time. The term vedameans wisdom. Wilson's version was based on the commentary of . They are the ‘prose’ sections but were originally composed orally. They are the ‘forest’ or ‘wilderness’ sections which form the final parts of Brahmanas. As the consort of Vishnu, she plays a role in every incarnation. Rig-Veda “Knowledge of the Hymns of Praise”, for recitation. Hindus offer prayer to Saraswati before beginning any intellectual pursuit, and Hindu students are encouraged to offer prayers to her during the school/college term and especially before and during examinations. The Vedas are the ultimate authority. Learn more about Hindu funeral customs. Hindus identify Krishna as the teacher of the sacred scripture called the Bhagavad Gita and as the friend and mentor of prince Arjuna in the epic the Mahabharata. The Vedas, Divine Knowledge. The Vedas are considered the earliest literary record of Indo-Aryan civilization and the most sacred books of India. Vishnu is an important, somewhat mysterious god. This blog post is third in the series “Vedas For Dummies” describing the structure of the Vedas. This Veda is also the oldest Hindu holy book. The process of movement of the atman from one body to another is known as transmigration. Lord Ganapati, who has an elephant head, occupies a very special place in the hearts of Hindus because they consider him the Remover of Obstacles. Rama is one of the most beloved Hindu gods and is the hero of the Hindu epic called the Ramayana. The most oft-mentioned are Indra, Agni, Soma, and Varuna. The Vedas are the sacred texts of Hinduism and constitute the core of its principles, beliefs, practices and philosophy. Why Pain and Suffering Are Necessary if You Want to Feel Happy. Everyone should strive to achieve dharma. 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